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Sperm donation is a process wherein a man voluntarily donates semen so that the sperms can be used to help fertilise an ovum (egg) and help a parent fulfil the dream of parenthood. The sperms retrieved from the semen are used for various in vitro fertilisation (IVF) techniques.
Process of sperm donation
This is a key step of the sperm donation process, as it involves extensive research about the potential donor.
In case the potential donor tests positive for any medical conditions during the screening process, he is informed and referred to treatment or counselling and disqualified for the time being.
The process of screening usually takes around 8 weeks to 6 months depending on the sperm bank. If all the above examinations turn out in favour of the potential donor, then he has to sign a consent form stating that he denies having any risk factors for sexually transmitted infections or genetic conditions.
Before donating the sperm sample, the donor is asked to abstain from ejaculation via sex or masturbation for 2-5 days. The sample is collected in a sterile container provided at the sperm bank by masturbating in a private room at the clinic itself.The semen sample is frozen with the help of a cryopreservative solution and is quarantined for at least six months. The donor is again tested for infectious diseases, like HIV and if the results are still negative, then the frozen sample is thawed and examined for sperm quantity, quality and mobility again. This reassessment is done because the sperm samples from some men have higher chances of getting damaged during the freezing process. If the semen sample meets the quality standards, then the man is selected as a donor. If the donor decides that he wants to retire from the donor program, he has to return after 6 months of his last donation for the last test of infectious disease.
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